Dr. Hiralal Bhowmick

Associate Professor


Tribology, Materials and Design




Tribology, Materials and Design



Contact No.




Dr. Hiralal Bhowmick is currently an Associate Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department of Thapar Institute of Engineering & Technology (Deemed-to-be University), Patiala. He has a total of 13 years of research, teaching and industrial experience. He had joined this institute in the year 2013 as an Assistant Professor. Prior to this, he had worked as a Research Associate in IISc, Bangalore and as an Assistant/Associate Project Engineer in the Mechanical Engineering Department of IIT Guwahati. He has published more than 30 peer reviewed international journal papers. He has supervised 2 PhD thesis (+02 ongoing) and 12 Master thesis. He has received project grants worth 38.5Lacs from DST-SERB and TIET. He is also an active reviewer of some of the internationally reputed SCI/SCIE journals published by Elsevier, Sage, Taylor & Francis, IOP and Wiley. His research interests include Development anti-icing coating, Agro-waste material design, Tribology of micro/nanolubricants and micro/nano-composites, Development and characterization of metal matrix composites and microwave processed clads, Tribological design of machine elements and analysis of multi-scale tribological phenomena.


Academic Profile

  • Research Associate, IISc Bangalore
  • Ph.D. (Tribology), Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  • M.Tech., Dibrugarh University, Assam
  • B.E., Jorhat Engineering College, Assam.


Teaching and Industrial Experience

  • Associate Professor, MED, Thapar Institute of Engineering & Technology, Patiala
    • August 2019-Till date
  • Assistant Professor, MED, Thapar Institute of Engineering & Technology, Patiala
    • July 2013-July 2019
  • Research Associate, IISc Bangalore
    • July 2012-July 2013
  • Assistant/Associate Project Engineer, IIT Guwahati
    • December 2004-July 2007
  • Industrial experience (Automotive segment)
    • January 2004- December 2004


Research Interests

  • Development of Anti-icing coatings/Composites
  • Development of Agro-waste based materials
  • Study of Multi-scale Tribological phenomena
  • Development of Nano/Microlubricants
  • Mechanical and Tribological Behaviour of Composites and Clads
  • Microwave Material Processing
  • Tribological Design of Machine Elements


Research Projects

Year of Funding

Sponsoring Organisation

Title of Project

Amount of Grant (in Lakhs)

Co-Investigators (if any)




Development, Characterization and Analysis of Hybrid Anti-icing Protective Composite Coatings



Dr. Bikramjit Sharma



Behavior of functionalized solid lubricants in metal-composite tribo-contact




Membership of Professional Institutions, Associations, Societies

  • Life Member of Tribology Society of India (TSI)
  • Ex-Member of SAEINDIA & ASME


Publications in Peer Reviewed International Journals


  • Kaushal, S., Gupta, D., & Bhowmick, H. (2022). Novel investigation on tribological behavior of microwave synthesized functionally graded claddings. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, 236(8), 4336-4345.
  • Sharma, S., Sharma, M., Mudgal, D., & Bhowmick, H. (2021). Adoption of strategies for clean combustion of biomass in boilers. Corrosion Reviews, 39(5), 387-408.
  • Kumar, R., Bhowmick, H., Gupta, D., & Bansal, S. (2021). Development and characterization of multiwalled carbon nanotube-reinforced microwave sintered hybrid aluminum metal matrix composites: An experimental investigation on mechanical and tribological performances. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications, 235(10), 2310-2323.
  • Kumar, R., Bhowmick, H., & Gupta, D. (2021). Metallurgical and wear study of MWCNT-reinforced h-AMMC fabricated through microwave hybrid sintering. International Journal of Materials Research, 112(3), 198-202.
  • Kaushal, S., Gupta, D., & Bhowmick, H. (2021). Wear behavior of microwave-processed Ni-WC8Co-based functionally graded materials. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications, 235(5), 1036-1045.
  • Singh, H., & Bhowmick, H. (2020). Lubricated tribology of hybrid AMMC–steel sliding contact: A comparative investigation between fully formulated commercial engine oils and surfactant functionalized MWCNT–base oil formulation. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology, 1350650119901221.
  • Singh, H., & Bhowmick, H. (2020). Lubrication characteristics and wear mechanism mapping for hybrid aluminium metal matrix composite sliding under surfactant functionalized MWCNT-oil. Tribology International, 145, 106152.
  • S Kaushal, D Gupta, H Bhowmick (2019). “On processing and flexural behaviour of functionally graded clads developed through microwave irradiation”. Materials Research Express 6 (7), 076405.
  • Singh, H., & Bhowmick, H. (2019). Influence of nanoclay on the thermophysical properties and lubricity characteristics of mineral oil. Materials Today: Proceedings, 18, 1058-1066.
  • H Singh, H Bhowmick (2018). “Tribological behaviour of hybrid AMMC sliding against steel and cast iron under MWCNT-Oil lubrication”. Tribology International, 127, 509-519.
  • H Singh, P Singh, and H Bhowmick (2018). "Influence of MoS2, H3BO3, and MWCNT Additives on the Dry and Lubricated Sliding Tribology of AMMC–Steel Contacts." Journal of Tribology, 140.4: 041801.
  • B Singh, S Kaushal, D Gupta, H Bhowmick (2018). “On Development and Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of Microwave Processed Ni/Al2O3 Composite Clad”. Journal of Tribology, 140, 061603.
  • N Somani, YK Tyagi, P Kumar, V Srivastava, H Bhowmick (2018). Enhanced tribological properties of SiC reinforced copper metal matrix composites. Materials Research Express 6 (1), 016549.
  • S Kaushal, D Gupta, H Bhowmick (2018). “On Development and Wear Behavior of Microwave-Processed Functionally Graded Ni-SiC Clads on SS-304 Substrate.” J. of Materi Eng and Perform,  27: 777-786.
  • S Kaushal, D Gupta, & H Bhowmick (2018). On surface modification of austenitic stainless steel using microwave processed Ni/Cr3C2 composite cladding. Surface Engineering, 34 (11), 809-817.
  • S Kaushal, D Gupta, and H Bhowmick (2018). "On processing of Ni-WC based functionally graded composite clads through microwave heating." Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 33.8: 822-828.
  • Kaushal, S., Singh, D., Gupta, D., & Bhowmick, H. (2018). On the development and characterization of microwave processed Ni+ 30% SiC based composite clads. Materials Today: Proceedings, 5(14), 27718-27725.
  • S Kaushal, D Gupta, H Bhowmick (2018). “On processing of Ni-Cr3C2 based functionally graded clads through microwave heating”. Materials Research Express, 5,  066405
  • S Kaushal, D Singh, D Gupta, H Bhowmick and V Jain (2018). “Processing of Ni20WC10Mo based composite clads on austenitic stainless steel through microwave hybrid heating.”  Mater. Res. Express, 5: 036401
  • S Kaushal, D Gupta, & H Bhowmick (2018). An approach for functionally graded cladding of composite material on austenitic stainless steel substrate through microwave heating. Journal of Composite Materials, Vol 52, Issue 3, pp. 301 - 312.
  • S Kaushal, B Singh, D Gupta, H Bhowmick, V Jain (2018). “An approach for developing nickel–alumina powder-based metal matrix composite cladding on SS-304 substrate through microwave heating.” Journal of Composite Materials, 52 (16),  2131-2138.
  • S Kaushal, V Sirohi, D Gupta, H Bhowmick, & S Singh (2018). Processing and characterization of composite cladding through microwave heating on martensitic steel. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications, Vol 232, Issue 1, pp. 80 - 86.
  • S Kaushal, D Gupta, & H Bhowmick (2017). On Microstructure and Wear Behavior of Microwave Processed Composite Clad. Journal of Tribology, 139(6), 061602.
  • S Kaushal, D Gupta, & H Bhowmick (2017). Investigation of Dry Sliding Wear Behavior of Ni–SiC Microwave Cladding. Journal of Tribology, 139(4),  041603.
  • H Bhowmick, SK Majumdar,  & SK Biswas (2013). Influence of physical structure and chemistry of diesel soot suspended in hexadecane on lubrication of steel-on-steel contact. Wear, 300(1), (2013), 180-188.
  • H Bhowmick,  SK Majumdar, & SK Biswas (2012). Tribology of soot suspension in hexadecane as distinguished by the physical structure and chemistry of soot particles. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 45(17), 175302.
  • H Bhowmick, SK Majumdar, SK Biswas (2012). Dry tribology and nanomechanics of gaseous flame soot in comparison with carbon black and diesel soot. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, 226(2), 394-402.
  • H Bhowmick, SK Biswas (2011). Tribology of ethylene–air diffusion flame soot under dry and lubricated contact conditions. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 44(48), 485401.
  • H Bhowmick, & SK Biswas (2011). Relationship between physical structure and tribology of single soot particles generated by burning ethylene. Tribology Letters, 44(2), 139.


Conference Papers (Selected)

  • Kaushal, S., Gupta, D., & Bhowmick, H. (2020). Development of microwave processed Ni+ 20% SiC based composite clads on AISI-304 steel. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 715, No. 1, p. 012001). IOP Publishing.
  • Kumar, R., Bhowmick, H., & Gupta, D. (2019). Progress On The Development Of Aluminium Metal Matrix Composite As An Alternative Piston Material- A Review. International Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research, 6(5), 414-419.
  • Kaushal, S., Singh, D., Gupta, D., Jain, V., & Bhowmick, H. (2018). Surface modification of SS-316L steel using microwave processed Ni/WC based composite clads. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1943, No. 1, p. 020082). AIP Publishing LLC.
  • H Singh, H Bhowmick (2017).  Influence of Nanoclay on the Thermophysical Properties and Lubricity Characteristics of Mineral Oil. ICN3i-2017, IIT Roorkee.
  • H Singh, H Bhowmick (2017). Tribological characteristics of aluminium metal matrix composite under particle based lubrication using MoS2, ICIT-2017, Kolkata, India.
  • H Bhowmick, G Choudhary, and R Tiwari (2006). “Quasi-static analysis of tapered roller bearings and comparison of bearing lives for different roller surface profiles”, 2nd International Congress on Computational Mechanics and Simulation, IIT Guwahati, India.


Publication of Book Chapters

  • Singh, Harpreet, and Hiralal Bhowmick (2023). "Lubricated Tribology of Lightweight MMCs: Recent and Future Perspectives of AMMCs." In Metal Matrix Composites, Taylor and Francis: 233-274.
  • Bhowmick, H., & Singh, H. (2021). Role of Surfactants and Their Concentrations on the Tribological Characteristics of MWCNT-in-Oil Lubricants for Hybrid AMMC–Steel Sliding Contact. In Tribology and Sustainability (pp. 189-211). CRC Press.
  • Singh, D., Kaushal, S., Gupta, D., Bhowmick, H. L., & Jain, V. (2019). On Processing of Ni–WC8Co-based Composite Clads on Austenitic Stainless Steel Through Microwave Energy. In Advances in Manufacturing Processes (pp. 153-162). Springer, Singapore.



Courses of Interest

  • Mechanics of Deformable Bodies
  • Machine Design
  • Tribology
  • Solid Mechanics
  • Engineering Mechanics
  • Kinematics and Dynamics of Machine
  • Machine Tool Design
  • Capstone Projects




PhD Thesis Guided


Sl. No.

Title of the Thesis

Name of the Supervisor(s)

Student Name




Development and characterization of functionally graded materials by microwave heating

Dr. HL Bhowmick

Dr. D Gupta

S. Kaushal




An Investigation on Wet Tribology of Dispersed Solid Lubricants in The Presence of Surfactant

Dr. HL Bhowmick

H. Singh




Development and Characterization of Hygro-Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Rice Straw Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites

Dr. HL Bhowmick

Dr. Deepak Jain

Supreet Somal




Investigation on Graphene Based Electro-thermal Anti-icing Composite Coating

Dr. HL Bhowmick

Dr. Bikramjit Sharma

Rajat Kumar




ME Thesis Guided

12 (Twelve)


Invited Talks

  1. Invited talk in a short term course on "Tribology for Sustainable Development", organized by Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, Katra, 2020.
  2. Session Chair and presentation in IndiaTrib2019, IISc Bangalore, 2019.
  3. Invited talk in the International Conference on Nanotechnology: Ideas, Innovations and Initiatives (ICN:3I-2017), IIT Roorkee, Dec 2017




  • Tribology International (Elsevier)
  • Tribology Transactions (Taylor & Francis)
  • Lubrication Science (Wiley)
  • Production and Manufacturing research (Taylor and Francis)
  • Proceed. IMECHE Part B,C  (Sage, UK)
  • Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance (ASM)
  • Materials Research Express (IOP)
  • Journal of Nanomaterials (Hindawi)
  • Journal of Composite  Interfaces
  • iNaCoMM



Professional Responsibilities

Sl. No.





Time Table Committee, MED

July 2021-Till Date

TIET, Patiala, Punjab


Lab In-Charge of  Solid Mechanics Lab

Jan 2019-Till Date

TIET, Patiala, Punjab


Lab In-Charge of  Surface Engineering & Tribology Lab

2019-Till Date

TIET, Patiala, Punjab


Member, NBA core committee, MED


TIET, Patiala, Punjab


Member, Curriculum Review Committee, UG Mechanical Engineering (Design Group)


TIET, Patiala, Punjab


Co-Coordinator, Capstone Project, MED


TIET, Patiala, Punjab


Member DPPC, MED

August 2017- July 2018

TIET, Patiala, Punjab


Coordinator, Capstone Project, MED

Jan-May 2017

TIET, Patiala, Punjab


Faculty Advisor of Race Cars & Karts ( TEAM Fateh, Gathi, Ultron, Roadrunners, Grenadiers)

October 2014- September 2016

TIET, Patiala, Punjab


Co-coordinator, Summer Training for 2nd yr UG, MED

June-July 2015

TIET, Patiala, Punjab


Miscellaneous ad-hoc responsibilities, (such as those assigned during the various accreditation processes)

Since 2014

TIET, Patiala, Punjab

Foreign Visits

S. No.












Nanotribology Forum




Awards and Honours

  • Distinction in CAPSL (Training for Teaching & learning Pedagogy), organized by TCD Ireland and TIET Patiala.
  • Reviewer recognitions from Tribology International, Lubrication Science
  • Session Chair, Indiatrib2019, IISc Bangalore
  • Session Chair, ICN:3I-2017, IIT Roorkee
  • IISc Research Associate fellowship
  • Invited Research Scholar to ETH, Switzerland
  • MHRD scholarship during PhD
  • Ranked 1st in the batch of BE and 2nd in the batch of MTech
  • Merit scholarships in Xth, BE and MTech.


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